It will mark the first time United have played in Scandinavia since they travelled to face Norwegian side Kristiansund in pre-season three years ago.
United's clash with Atletico will be a rematch of the Champions League round of 16 tie which saw the La Liga side triumph 2-1 on aggregate back in March.
Erik ten Hag's first pre-season at the club will also see United play four games in Thailand and Australia on their first overseas tour in three years.
Ten Hag will take charge of his first match when United face Liverpool in Bangkok on July 12 before flying to Melbourne to take on Melbourne Victory on July 15 and Crystal Palace on July 19.
United will then head back to Perth, where they played on their last pre-season tour back in 2019, where they will face Aston Villa at the Optus Stadium on July 23.